1. Small deceit, major effects!
To represent a perspective, you need to take four factors into account:
- spatial reality
- an observer (usually, that's you)
- the flat surface (the drawing paper or canvas to be painted)
- a mode of transformation
Transforming is what it's all about. Admittedly, the image has to be deformed a little to create an illusion of depth.
Now it gets a little more complicated…
3. Not one but SEVERAL perspectives!
In fact, there are 4 types of perspective:
Did you know?
What a genius that Leonardo da Vinci was!
By the Renaissance, paintings included the concept of aerial perspective. With his famous “sfumato” method (Italian for “in the manner of smoke”), da Vinci is one of the inventors of the technique. He used it in the background of the Mona Lisa.
3. Perspectives and colors
You need more than just geometry to create a good impression of depth! Fade and blend tones little by little, from the foreground to the background in your composition: that way, you decrease the contrasts and increase the realism of your perspective.
Practical advice: On the road…
Imagine a long tree-lined road. The trees are represented as smaller and smaller, the farther they are from you. The trees in the foreground are a very vivid, bright brown and green while those in the background are more muted colors.