How should you hold a pencil? How far from the sheet of paper should you be? These are the ABCs of drawing. With a little practice, you can master the right way to hold your pencil.
People tend to try to draw the way they write… and that's a mistake!
Contrary to writing, drawing requires a minimum distance between the eyes and the sheet of paper: between 45 and 65 cm. With practice, you'll see it is a lot easier to draw at some remove from the subject: this will keep you from a lot of perception errors.
Your watchword: stand back!
You won't hold your pencil the same way to sketch the broad lines of your composition as you will to work on details.
Play your hand !
Hold your pencil between your thumb and your index finger, placing them about 5 cm from the end of the lead. Wedge the other end of your pencil in the palm of your hand. Draw a shape of your choosing.
Back your fingers up some more and check your movement now, but, this time, setting your sheet of paper upright (on an easel, for example,). This way, you have greater control of your movement. A piece of advice: the more you practice this, the more confident you'll become!